Galapagos Map

The Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos Islands are located 1,000 km (621 miles) from the coast of Ecuador and are part of this tiny but mega-diverse Southamerican nation. It has become one of the main tourist attractions of the continent because its unique wildlife, distinctive geology and pristine status as a protected National Park.

The Islands receive about 200.000 visitors per year and are a preferred bucket list destination. Its interesting volcanic geology, as well as its rich flora and fauna have been admired and studied by numerous travelers, scientists, and nature-lovers. 

Charles Darwin is one of the most famous visitors of the archipelago. His Theory of the Evolution was born in part by his observations of the endemic fauna and discovering how members of the same species adapt from island to island.

Galapagos Land and Water Temperature by Month (ºF | ºC)

  Wet Season Dry Season  

Galapagos Land and Water Temperature by Month (ºF | ºC)

  Wet Season Dry Season  
Rainfall ­ Cloudy Rainy Rainy Rainy Cloudy Overcast Hazy Sunny Sunny Hazy Overcast  
(in) ­ 2.4 4.6 4.0 3.0 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
(mm) ­ 60 117 100 73 15 5 8 5 5 5 8

Islands of the archipelago and visitor points

Visitor sites by Island:

Bartholomew Island

Daphne Island

Española Island

Fernandina Island

Floreana Island

Genovesa Island

Isabela Island

Marchena Island

  • Mejia Point
  • Black Beach

Mosquera Islet

North Seymour Island

Rabida Island

South Plaza Island

San Cristobal Island

Santa Cruz Island

Santa Fe Island

Santiago Island

Wolf Island

  • Shark Point
  • El Derrumbe
  • La Ventana
  • La Banana

Galapagos Wildlife by Island and Visitor Point:

« »
    Bartholomew Daphne Darwin Española Fernandina Floreana Genovesa Isabela Marchena Mosquera North Seymour Rabida South Plaza San Cristobal Santa Cruz Santa Fe Santiago Wolf
   
Land Birds Cactus Finch -   -   -       - - - - -     -   -
Land Birds Dark-billed Cuckoo - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   -
Land Birds Galapagos Dove - - - - - -   - - - - - - - -     -
Land Birds Galapagos Flycatcher - - - - - - -   - - - - -   - -   -
Land Birds Galapagos Hawk - - -     - -   - - -   - -       -
Land Birds Galapagos Mockingbird - - - - - -     - -   - - -   -   -
Land Birds Hood Mockingbird - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Land Birds Large Ground Finch -   - - - -     - - - - - -   -   -
Land Birds Large Tree Finch - - - - - - -   - - - - - -     - -
Land Birds Mangrove Finch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Land Birds Medium Ground Finch -   -   -   -   - -   - -         -
Land Birds Medium Tree Finch - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Land Birds San Cristobal Mockingbird - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - - -
Land Birds Sharp-beaked Ground Finch - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - -   -
Land Birds Short-eared Owl - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - -
Land Birds Small Ground Finch -   -   -   -   - -   - -     -   -
Land Birds Small Tree Finch - - - - -   -   - - - - -     -   -
Land Birds Tyrant Flycatcher - - - - -   -   - - - - - -   -   -
Land Birds Vegetarian Finch - - - - -   - - - - - - -         -
Land Birds Warbler Finch - - -   -     - - - - - - -   - - -
Land Birds Woodpecker Finch - - - - - - - - - - -   -     -   -
Land Birds Yellow Warbler - - - - -       - -   - -     - - -
Sea Birds American Oystercatcher - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Black-necked Stilt - - - - -   -   - - - - -     - - -
Sea Birds Blue-footed Booby -   -   -   -   - -     -       - -
Sea Birds Brown Noddy -   - - - - - - - - -     - - - - -
Sea Birds Brown Pelican   - - - -   -   - - -   -     - - -
Sea Birds Cattle Egret - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - -
Sea Birds Flamingos - - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - -
Sea Birds Flightless Cormorant - - - -   - -   - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Galapagos Penguin   - - -     -   - - - - - - - -   -
Sea Birds Galapagos Petrel - - - - -     - - - - - -   - - - -
Sea Birds Galapagos Rail - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - -
Sea Birds Greater Flamingo - - - - -   -   - - -   - -   -   -
Sea Birds Great Blue Heron - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Great Frigatebird - - - - - -     - -   -     - - - -
Sea Birds Herons - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Lava Gull - - - - - - -   -   - -       - - -
Sea Birds Magnificent Frigatebird -   - - - - - - - -   -       - - -
Sea Birds Moorhen - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - -
Sea Birds Nazca Booby -   -   - -     - - - - -   - - - -
Sea Birds Paint-billed Crake - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - -
Sea Birds Pied-billed Grebe - - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - -
Sea Birds Red-footed Booby - - - - -       - - - - -   - - - -
Sea Birds Red-billed Tropicbird -   -   - -   - - -   -     - - - -
Sea Birds Ruddy Turnstone - - - - - - -   - - - - -   - - - -
Sea Birds Sanderling - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Semi-palmated Plover - - - - -   - - - - - - -   - - - -
Sea Birds Striated Heron - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Swallow Tailed Gull -   -   - -   - - -   -   - - - - -
Sea Birds Waved Albatross - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Birds Whimbrel - - - - -   -   - - - - -   - - - -
Sea Birds White-cheeked Pintail - - - - -   -   - - - - -     -   -
Reptiles Galapagos Green Turtle   -     -   -     - - - -     -   -
Reptiles Galapagos Snake-biserialis - - - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Reptiles Galapagos Tortoise - - - - - - -   - - - - -     - - -
Reptiles Lava Lizard - - - -   - - - - - - - -     -   -
Reptiles Land Iguana - - - - - - -   - -   -   -     - -
Reptiles Marine Iguana - - -       -   - -   - -     -   -
Mammals Dolphins - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
Mammals Galapagos Fur Seal - - - - - -   - - - - -   - - -   -
Mammals Galapagos Sea lion - - -                   -         -
Fish/Marine Galapagos Shark - -   - -   - - - - - - -   - -    
Fish/Marine Hammerhead Shark - -   - - - - - - - - - -     -    
Fish/Marine Ray - - - - -   -   - - - - -     - - -
Fish/Marine Sally Lightfoot Crab - - - - - - - - -   - -   - - -   -
Fish/Marine Tropical fish - -   - -   - - - - - - -     - - -
Fish/Marine Whale Shark - -   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
Fish/Marine Whitetip Reef Shark   - - - -   -   - - - - - -   - - -

Galapagos Facts & Figures

Location: Pacific Ocean, by the equator line, 1.000 km (621 miles) to the west of mainland Ecuador
Population: 26,640 (2012)
Land Area: 3,040 sq mi (8,010 km2)
Marine Reserve: 51,000 sq mi (133,000 km2)
Currency: US Dollars. ATMs are available in the towns of Puerto Ayora and, in less quantity, Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
Time Zone: GMT-6
Populated Areas:
  • Puerto Baquerizo Moreno (San Cristobal Island): 6,672 habitants (2010) - Capital City
  • Puerto Ayora (Santa Cruz Island): 11,974 habitants (2010)
  • Puerto Villamil (Isabela Island): about 2,200 habitants
  • Puerto Velasco Ibarra (Floreana Island): about 100 habitants
Transport:

Flights

  • Seymour Airport (Baltra Island)
  • San Cristobal Airport (Located in Puerto Baquerizo Moreno in San Cristobal Island)

Both operate flights to and from mainland Ecuador (Quito and Guayaquil)

Fast boats

There is public trasportation between the inhabited islands of Santa Cruz, Isabela, Floreana and San Cristobal.

Land

Taxis and buses operate within the towns of Puerto Ayora and Puerto Baquerizo Moreno. They also provide shuttle service to their closest airports.